When you wish to get the most effective condenser mic, the primary question to raise yourself is what style of the mic to travel for. There are two different types out there, designed to suit various applications, dynamic mics and condenser mics.
If you want a condenser microphone to use in live performances and on-stage appearances, dynamic mics are the most effective. Dynamic mics are famed for keeping out handling noise that you will expertise in an exceedingly live/stage look.
On the opposite hand, condenser mics are experts with sound quality. These microphone are thought-about to be the most effective once it involves sound quality. These microphone are experts with in-house applications like studio recordings. Sometimes, musicians are confused about that condenser mic to travel for, a condenser, or a ribbon mic.
There are Four types of Condenser Microphone?
- Dynamic Microphones
Dynamic Mics are the workhorses of the microphone world.
They're low cost, sturdy, and sound fantastic on many of the significant familiar recording sources. Using a movable coil suspended within a magnet's field, dynamic mics work sort of a speaker in reverse!
Dynamic mics are aware of transients and handle high SPL alright. This makes them a natural alternative for loud sources like drum kit shut mics and stringed instruments and bass cabs.
Given, however cheap and versatile they're, there should positively be a dynamic mic or 2 in your assortment.
And if you have space for one, there's very solely one serious contender: the Shure SM57. The versatile SM57 is one in every of the foremost accessible tools in a recording.
- Large Diaphragm Condenser Microphones
Large-diaphragm condenser microphones are, in all probability, the primary issue that involves the mind once you think about studio recording mics. They're the big, trendy, and high trying mics you see in most skilled studio things.
Condenser mics work by using an electrical device (or condenser) to convert acoustic vibrations into an electrical current. Meaning they have an influence supply like 48V phantom power to work.
It also implies that they're more sensitive than dynamic mics or ribbon mics and outputs a louder signal. Their sensitivity makes them ideal for quiet or extraordinarily active sources—like vocals!
Large-diaphragm condensers exhibit a variety of sonically pleasing qualities for voices. They assist produce that "larger than life" sound that we tend to come with professional studio vocals.
But LDCs are useful in every kind of source. If you're trying to find one mic which will handle each task, think about an oversized diaphragm condenser.
Many fashionable LDCs supply selectable polar patterns are creating them implausibly versatile and helpful in heaps of totally different recording things and one amongst the simplest mics for building your studio around.
- Small Diaphragm Condenser
Small Diaphragm Condensers (sometimes referred to as pencil condensers) are the smaller, less flashy first cousin of the LDC.
But they're even as helpful, despite their little stature. Small diaphragm condensers have an excellent transient response, extended prime finish, and consistent pickup patterns.
This makes them excellent for realistic stereo techniques furthermore as acoustic instruments. If you Sat in on genre recording sessions, the chances are high that you'd see SDCs principally.
They usually are available pairs for stereo recording. Therefore they're notably useful for making correct stereo pictures of real acoustic areas.
- Ribbon Microphones
Ribbon microphone technology dates back to the earliest days of microphone. Photos from the golden age of broadcasting are full of presenters speaking into classic ribbon mics.
Ribbon microphone use an ultra-thin (wait for it) ribbon of electro-conductive material suspended between a magnet's poles to come up with their signal.
Early ribbon styles were unbelievably fragile. Moving them improperly, or perhaps subjecting them to high SPL, might cause the ribbon to interrupt.
But their sound was definitely worth the trade-off in sturdiness. Ribbon mics are prized for his or her heat, vintage tone. They're excellent after you need to tame excessive or harsh high-end: sources like stringed instrument amps, drum overheads, or brass.
Ribbon microphone naturally turn out an ideal figure-eight polar pattern and answer relative atomic mass very well.
Advantages of Condenser Microphone
- The diaphragm assembly is light compared to that of dynamic microphones; hence it is more efficient at moving and can capture a range of high frequencies.
- Easy to obtain a flat frequency response and extended frequency ranges.
- Condenser microphones can be small in design.
Disadvantages of Condenser Microphone
- There is a limit to the maximum signal level the electronics can handle.
- They are more complex than dynamic microphones and tend to be more adversely affected by temperature and humidity extremes.
- Cheaper models can produce a small amount of noise from the electronics.